Wipro is the 4th largest IT Services company in India. It has 170,000 employees in 55 countries with revenues of $7.3 billion in FY16.
– Wipro’s revenue has grown from $2.6 billion in FY07 to $7.3 billion in FY16 at a CAGR of 12%
– Diversified business portfolio, with no vertical contributing more than 27%
– 52% of its revenue comes from the Americas, 25% from Europe and remaining from other regions
– Wipro has taken initiatives to enter the market of future disruptive technologies including Digital, Analytics and Cloud
– Top 10 clients accounted for 20% of its total business
– 9 clients in the $100-million category
– 18 clients in the $75-million category
– 33 clients in the $50-million category
– Able and trustworthy management
– Chairman, Azim Premji is India’s richest tech tycoon. Under his leadership, Wipro’s revenue grew from $2 million to $7 billion in FY16. Asia’s most generous person who has given away shares worth $4.4 billion
– Consistent dividend payout
– India is the world’s largest outsourcing destination for the IT industry, accounting for approximately 67% of the total $110 billion market
– The IT offshoring market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 14% for the next 9 years
– The IT offshoring market is expected to triple from $110 billion to $350 billion by FY 2025
– Revenues from Digital technologies are expected to represent 23% and 38% share of the total revenues by 2020 and 2025
– Highly competitive and rapidly changing industry
– Top line growth is not improving
– The business model of IT is changing very rapidly. Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Cloud Services are reducing the head count of employees around the globe
– 28% of Wipro’s revenue comes from Infrastructure service and 9.8% revenue comes from BPO services. These 2 service lines are at high risk due to the recent disruption from Cloud Services, Automation and Robotics
– LIC owns 2.3% of the company
– JP Morgan Chase owns 2% of the company
– Mutual Funds own close to 1.9% of the company
At current price of Rs 479, the rate of return is 10% based on pre-tax earnings to market cap with dividend yield of 1.5% and $4.8 billion in cash. The RoE and RoCE is more than 17% for the past 10 years. Wipro is trading at a historic low P/E of 13.3x as on Sep 16, 2016.
1. Is the business simple and understandable?
Yes. Wipro provides application development and maintenance services to global clients. The services are provided on a time and material (T&M) or fixed-price basis. 56% of Wipro’s revenues comes from fixed price model. The revenue growth is linked to increase in number of employees. It is a very linear model. Increasing the number of clients and projects can boost the revenue of the company.
2. Does the company have a consistent operating history?
Yes. The company has been consistently increasing its revenue for the last 25 years.
3. Does the business have a sustainable competitive advantage?
Long-standing customers are reluctant to switch IT vendors due to high switching costs. Wipro has taken initiatives to take advantage of the disruption technologies like Digital, Analytics and Cloud. Wipro has strategic alliance with market leaders like Amazon, Salesforce, SAP and IBM to position itself in the digital technologies.
4. How good is management at allocating capital?
Very Good. The return on capital is more than 17% for the past 10 years.
5. What are the risks?
The risks are highlighted above under section ‘Risks’.
6. Does the business operate in a good or bad industry?
Most companies rely on IT applications to efficiently run their business operations. IT services companies help these businesses maintain and improve the availability of IT.
7. Does the company earn high profit margin?
Yes. The profit margin of Wipro is 20% for the past 15 years.
8. Does the company generate strong free cash flow?
Yes. The company has generated Rs 8000 crore of free cash in FY16.
9. Can you sensibly estimate future earnings for next five years?
Since the IT business model is changing, it would be difficult to estimate future earnings. We believe that the top 4 IT players are in a position to take advantage of the future disruption technologies like Digital, Analytics and Cloud.
10. What is the reasonable buy price?
Check the reasonable price under section ‘Valuation’
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